A Working Paper dated August 2015 by BBVA, a Spanish global bank, highlights the extent of various Latin American countries' export dependency on China,
"According to our estimates, dependency on China increased overboard across Latin America for all countries and all sectors between 2008 and 2014. Absolute dependency levels were highest in Costa Rica, Colombia, Uruguay, Venezuela, Brazil, Panama, Peru, Chile, Guyana and Argentina. Of these, the largest exporters to China, namely Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru, Colombia, and Venezuela, featured high dependencies concentrated around just four commodities: soy in the form of soybeans and soybean oil; crude oil; copper in the form of copper ore, copper cathodes and unrefined copper; and iron ore. These four commodities, accounted for 80% of the regions total exports to China."